Deforestation and Forest Degradation in the Amazon

This report aims to communicate the statistics of deforestation and forest degradation 2002-2020 for the rainforest in the South American countries of the Amazon region, based on the new JRC Tropical Moist Forest (JRC-TMF) dataset. In addition, the report describes the dynamics of deforestation and forest degradation in the region, while emphasizing various types of forest degradation and the effects of forest cover change related to road building, protected areas, and the spread of zoonotic diseases. The report is an EC/JRC contribution in the context of the upcoming UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP 26) in Glasgow in November 2021. A specific focus is given to Brazil, the country in the region with the largest share of Amazon rainforest and the largest country of the South American Mercosur trade bloc, on the background of the potential ratification of the EU-Mercosur trade agreement.

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