Relationship between openness to trade and deforestation: Empirical evidence from the Brazilian Amazon

The article investigates how international trade has affected the dynamics of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon at the municipal level. The main findings suggest that as the opening to trade in the Amazon increases, deforestation also increases. Also, that soybean and cattle production drives deforestation in the region. The property rights indicator also has a significant impact on deforestation. In the years studied, as GDP per capita increased, deforestation also increased. It is concluded that conservation areas have a negative impact on deforestation.

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